Definition of high blood pressure
What to do in case of hypertension?
For a better understanding of blood pressure The follow-up of a high blood pressure
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VI - What to do in case of a high blood pressure

6.1 - First of all, to eliminate a false high blood pressure
6.2 - To eliminate an obvious cause responsible for a high blood pressure
6.3 - To start a treatment without drug: life style modifications
6.4 - According to the circumstances, to treat by using drugs
6.5 - Anti-hypertensive therapy
6.6 - Why does the doctor prescribe a given anti-hypertensive drug and not another? The choice of the first treatment.

6.3- To start with a treatment without drug: life style modifications


The reduction of the consumption of alcohol, of sodium (salt), and of excess weight involves a decrease of the arterial pressure. These facts are very important to take into account before using an antihypertensive drug therapy or to decrease the prescribed dose when this one is necessary to treat high blood pressure.

Thus, it is recommended to reduce the sodium intake to approximately 5 grams per day (the average of the salt intakes is of 8 to 10 grams per day in France), to decrease alcoholic drinks to less than three glasses of wine (or the equivalent in alcohol) per day to further physical activity and to go on a diet.

In addition, the physician will have to control and possibly treat the other cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes, cholesterol, tobacco and the overweight.

File last reviewed on : 18 dec 2011
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