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Definition of high blood pressure
What to do in case of hypertension?
For a better understanding of blood pressure The follow-up of a high blood pressure
High blood pressure damage High blood pressure and special cases
Why does high blood pressure exist? The self-measurement of blood pressure
How to measure high blood pressure? About Us
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V - How to measure high blood pressure?

Principles
5.1 - The most reliable method: to place a probe measuring the pressure directly in the artery
5.2 - The most useful method: The measure of the blood pressure using a sphygmomanometer with a cuff
Measurement of the blood pressure
5.3 - At rest at the doctors
5.4 - At rest at home, using a self-measurement device

5.5 - During a physical exercise
5.6 - Measurement by an ambulatory monitoring of the blood pressure during 24 hours
Description of the device
5.7 - The cuff
5.8 - Method for the measurement of the blood pressure
5.9 - The sphygmomanometer


5.3 - At rest at the doctors


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The blood pressure measurement in your doctor’s is the most reliable method and the most practised. Moreover, all the medical studies carried out in the field of high blood pressure are based on the measurement of the blood pressure in the doctor’s.

Some physicians measure the blood pressure of their patients in a reclining position but most of them measure the blood pressure in a sitting position.

In fact, the studies have showed that there was no significant difference between the measurement of the blood pressure in a sitting position and a laid down position.

To be reliable, the measurement of the blood pressure must be made when the patient is not using a effort or stressed, in a quiet place, and after a rest of approximately 5 minutes.

But in practice, the doctor rarely waits 5 minutes before measuring the blood pressure of his patient: he measures the blood pressure, and if this one is high, he let his patient rest for 5 minutes approximately before measuring the blood pressure again.

Usually, the doctor carries out the measurement of the blood pressure on the arms, in a sitting position and upright. The dominant arm (the right arm for a right-handed person or the left for a left-handed person) has a higher blood pressure than the other arm.

Lastly, a series of three measurements of the blood pressure is carried out, and only the average of the last two measurements is considered. According to the result of the measurement, the doctor defines the level of the high blood pressure in stages 1, 2 or 3.

File last reviewed on : 18 dec 2011
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