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Definition of high blood pressure
What to do in case of hypertension?
For a better understanding of blood pressure The follow-up of a high blood pressure
High blood pressure damage High blood pressure and special cases
Why does high blood pressure exist? The self-measurement of blood pressure
How to measure high blood pressure? About Us
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II – For a better understanding of blood pressure

Description of the arteries and the blood pressure
2.1 - Working of the blood circulation: the vessel and the heart
2.2 - Definition of the blood pressure
Who is concerned with high blood pressure?
2.3 - Epidemiological data
2.4 - Influence of sex
2.5 - Race
The risk is raised by the existence of other diseases
2.6 - Cholesterol
2.7 - Diabetes
2.8 - Tobacco
2.9 - The age


2.9 - The age


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Scientific studies show that the blood pressure increases with age.

Of course, the age of a patient cannot be altered but the doctor must consider the age when evaluating the overall cardiovascular risk of his patient.

Thus, a 65 year-old patient who presents an arterial blood pressure of 170/95 millimetres of mercury has more risk than a 45 year-old patient.

It is thus very significant for the doctor and the hypertensive patient, to be able to evaluate the total cardiovascular risk. Equations of the risk have been established as shown in the table below.

 
Blood pressure (mmHg)
Other risk factors and medical history
Grade 1
(light High Blood Pressure)
SBP 140-159 ou
DBP 90-99
Grade 2
(moderate High Blood Pressure)
SBP 160-179 ou
DBP 100-109
Rank 3
(severe High Blood Pressure)
SBP >180 ou
DBP >110
I. not other risk factors
Low Risk
middle Risk
High Risk
II. 1-2 risk factors
middle Risk
middle Risk
Very high Risk
III. 3 risk factors or more or organ damage or diabetes

High Risk

High Risk
Very high Risk
IV. Other cardiovascular diseases
Very high Risk
Very high Risk
Very high Risk

 

File last reviewed on : 18 dec 2011
 

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